Are you looking for the answer to the question: what type of government does Mexico have? The official name for Mexico is the United Mexican States. It is a presidential federal representative democratic and the president heads both the government and State.
Currently, the 1917 constitution guides the government of Mexico. The government of Mexico has three branches which include the judiciary, legislative branch, and the executive. It also has a provision for the separation of powers even if the branches keep one another in check.
The information above is sufficient to help you understand what type of government does Mexico have. Keep on reading to get a more detailed explanation for each of these branches.
The President Of Mexico
You cannot understand what type of government does Mexico have unless you understand the president of Mexico. Mexico is typically a federal republic and its president serves at the head of the executive.
The president is also the head of state and the commander-of-chief of the armed forces. Mexicans select their president by an absolute majority of thirty-one states and federal districts. Also, the president is only elected for a single term of six years and can’t be re-selected.
The president has the mandate of appointing and dismissing cabinet ministers and all the other executive officials. The president also appoints the mayors of the federal district, Supreme Court magistrates, and the consuls general.
The other responsibility of the president is to appoint the Air Force, Navy, and Army officials. If he gets the approval of the senate, he will declare wars with the permission of the Congress of the Union. The constitution of Mexico guides the president in granting pardons to the convicted criminals. It is a great starting point in understanding what type of government does Mexico has.
The Legislative Branch
Mexico boasts of having a bicameral national congress that comprises the upper house (Senate) and the Chamber of Deputies which is the lower house. The Senate has a total of 128 members because each state has two elected representatives while two of them are representatives of the federal district.
32 Senators are granted via the principle of the 1st minority and the other 32 are usually elected through the principle of proportional representation.
Each Senator serves a term of six years and he is not electable for a subsequent term. The chamber of deputies comprises a membership of 500 individuals. Out of these deputies, 200 of them are elected by proportional representation. These are members who represent huge plurinominal districts.
The rest of the deputies are representatives of single-member districts and they serve a period of three years. The mandate of the legislature is passing legislation and approving the national budget.
The role of approving presidential nominations of the diplomats is with the congress. It also accepts or approves the treaties that are made with the other countries. The other role of congress is to declare war or impose taxes.
The legislature is the appointing authority of an interim president just in case a sitting president dies or is impeached. All this forms an important basis for understanding what type of government does Mexico have.
The Judiciary Of Mexico
You cannot understand what type of government does Mexico have without reading its judicial system. This arm comprises both the federal and state legal systems. The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court in this country. This court is made up of five auxiliary judges and twenty-one magistrates and it is located in the City of Mexico.
The president appoints the judges and magistrates before the Senate can approve them. The court has five chambers and each of them is led by a judge. The chambers include the Auxiliary Chamber, Civil Affairs, Penal Affairs Chamber, Labor Affairs Chamber, and the Administrative Chamber. Learning the functions of each of these chambers will help you to know what type of government does Mexico have.
The Cabinet Of Mexico
The president appoints eighteen secretaries of state. These, together with the Attorney General and the head of the executive federal office make up the cabinet.
The departments comprise the Secretariat of Energy, Secretariat of Economy, Secretariat of Defense, Secretariat of Interior, Secretariat of Health, and the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit. You cannot know what type of government does Mexico have unless you have a clear understanding of each of these secretariats.
There is a federal district that governs Mexico. This comprises Mexico City and its 32 states and immediate regions. Every state has its own constitution that governs it and retains the right to levy taxes apart from interstate customs duties and legislative rights. It shows you the amount of power that every state beholds.
A governor heads each state and they are usually elected for a period of six years. Mexico has a Superior Court of Justice to oversee the judicial system of the State.
A Representative Assembly and a Mayor head the Federal District. The municipality is the primary institution of the government of Mexico. It provides important public services like sewerage, water, and street lighting. All this information is crucial in helping you to understand what type of government does Mexico have.
What Type Of Government Does Mexico Have: Final Thoughts
If you want to understand what type of government does Mexico have, there are so many things that you need to analyze. The main ones include the presidency, the legislative branch, the judiciary, the cabinet and the Mexico administration.
All these elements are analyzed in this article to help you understand the type of government that is in Mexico. With this knowledge, you will have a clear picture of the governance of Mexico as a country.