The term Sex Offender has become extensively used in the 21st Century. Awareness of our rights, personal spaces, legal remedies, and mental health has grown with time and with education.
What Is A Sexual Offender?
The term sexual offender or sex offender is allocated to a person who has displayed illegal and unsolicited sexual activity towards others. As a result of such complaints, they are charged and convicted of crimes of sexual nature.
A sex offender can be termed as one when he commits any of the following crimes. Sexual crimes can be of various types.
- Marital Rape.
- Statutory Rape.
Apart from these, when a person commits crimes driven by a sexual connotation, they are called Sexual Offenders, too.
Such crimes may be against nature:
- Sodomy. (Sodomy is not considered a crime anymore in most places due to the acceptance of LGBTQ Rights.)
- Indecent exposure.
Such crimes can also be of a social nature such as illegal prostitution.
How Does Government Look At Sex Offenders?
A sex offender is one who has been charged and is convicted of a sexual offense. The United States government usually incarcerates such persons and also makes sure that they are kept under surveillance of sorts, by registering them on government records.
Legally, a Sex Offender does not have a medical or diagnostic report to back up the claims. It is their behavior or any complaints made against them that result in them being charged and later convicted once the charges are proved in a court of law.
What Do State And Federal Laws Say About Sex Offenders?
In order to completely understand what is a sexual offender, you must know the laws surrounding it. The State and Federal laws make sure that sexual offenses are taken very seriously. Some of the legal steps include the following.
The United States Code
If you are wondering what is a sexual offender, the United States Code, Title 18, establishes provisions under the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act or also known as SORNA.
Section 2250 of the title makes it mandatory for Sex Offenders to register themselves into the system records. Such registrations also need to be updated from time to time.
Sex Offender Registration And Notification Act
SORNA sets down the basic standard for the process of sexual offender registration and its notification in the nation. The Law was passed with the aim to abolish existing gaps and loopholes in the sex offender laws that were functioning prior to it.
SORNA also takes the following issues into consideration.
- Extends the jurisdiction of federally recognized sex offender laws to the Indian tribe-acquired territories of the United States.
- Provides a more extensive list of sex offenses and the registration of sexual offenders.
- Makes it essential for sex offenders to register and keep their registrations updated in their respective jurisdictions.
- Requires sex offenders to keep up curt appearances when directed by law.
- Makes sure that a more detailed account of sex offenders is available to the public at large to maintain safety standards.
Keeping The Internet Devoid Of Predators Act
The KIDS Act makes sure that the internet is kept safe for children to act.
This Act takes care of the following.
- Collects information on the internet such as details of sex offenders online.
Military Sex Offender Reporting Act
This Legislation takes care of the registration of sex offenders who were charged, convicted, and court-martialled for their crimes.
International Megan’s Law
According to this law, a sex offender is required to provide notice beforehand in case of international travel.
What Is The Difference Between A Sexual Predator And A Sex Offender?
Generally, Sexual Predator and Sex Offender, both refer to people who have committed a crime of sexual nature. Both of these terms may seem similar but have a certain degree of distinction to it.
A sex offender is one who is charged and convicted of a sexual offense. A sex offender commits crimes such as rape, pornography, molestation, etc.
A sexual predator is, however, a sex offender, who has done the following.
- They have been charged and convicted of a felony relating to sexual misconduct. Such a felony has to be of the first degree.
- They have been charged and convicted of two felonies of the second degree, and such a felony is one of sexual misconduct.
So, What Is The Primary Difference?
A sexual predator is firstly a sex offender. A sex offender who engages in the most serious and violent forms of sexual misconduct is known as a sexual predator.
And It Is A Legal Wrap
Be it, sexual predators or sex offenders, we need to be careful enough for both. Studies have found that the age of the victim of sexual misconduct has had quite an effect when it comes to convictions. After going through the article, I hope you now understand what is a sexual offender.
Judges, jury, and the public at large tend to consider age a necessary factor in such cases. For example, an offender has often been termed a predator when the victim is a 10-year-old more than when the victim is a 35-year-old.
Social judgment and notions play a big deal in these cases because it is the society that suffers when Sexual Crimes are on the rise.
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